Water is one of nature’s most important gifts to mankind. Essential to life, a person’s survival depends on drinking water. Water is a key component in determining the quality of our lives. A water supply system or water supply network is a system of engineered hydrologic and hydraulic components that provide water to communities and industries for drinking, washing, cooking, bathing and for industrial processes respectively. The water supply system consists of water treatment plant, transmission line, distribution network, overhead tank and tube well. Water supply systems get water from a variety of locations, including groundwater (aquifers), surface water (lakes and rivers), conservation and the sea through desalination. The water is then, in most cases, purified, disinfected through chlorination and sometimes fluoridated. Treated water then either flows by gravity or is pumped to reservoirs, which can be elevated such as water towers or on the ground (for indicators related to the efficiency of drinking water distribution see non-revenue water). Once water is used, wastewater is typically discharged in a sewer system and treated in a wastewater treatment plant before being discharged into a river, lake or the sea or reused for landscaping. Likewise, design, commissioning and monitoring sewerage system is the even more significant area of consideration.
Accordingly, KEC has started providing consultancy in this field by inducing a team of public health, environmental and civil engineers.